“Koya Wes” Social University, (“Aadiwaasi Prakaash/ Indigenous Light” University) South Bastar (Dantewada), Chhattisgarh

Why do we need Koya Wes Social University in South Bastar?

South Bastar (Dantewada), West Bastar (Bijapur) and Narayanpur districts come under Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. This region is one of the most unprivileged areas of India. Most important quality of this region is that- chemical fertilizers were never used in approximate 80% of available agricultural land. It is very rare and important land for Natural Farming, Organic Farming and Environment.

This Region is one of the most heavily naxal-violence-infected areas of India. As the result of conflicts by Naxal and/or government forces, annually averages of hundreds of killings occur. There is serious lack of economic systems in this area even though it is very rich in natural resources. Multi thousands of Tribals can only afford to eat the peal of stems or leaves from trees and boiling in water. They eat MAAD (water of rice), PEZ and are forced to eat this for many days. Sometimes for a few months, they can not get access to any food because in certain years, trees have less products. These communities do not have access to an affordable market.

Hundreds of Thousands Indigenous People have been living in Tents for years due to Government and Naxal conflicts.

The indigenous community of this area can not irrigate their agricultural areas; traditionally they do not do farming and the SANKNI River of the region is highly polluted because of NMDC (National Mineral Development Corporation). This river receives unprocessed waste from NMDC, Andhra Pradesh. The colour of river is an unnatural red and yellow. Neighbour lands are polluted because of dust of SANKNI River. The people need to invest minimum 3000 Rs per acre to clear the dust from their Lands to grow crops. Out of District/ Sub-District Headquarters, more than 95% children are Child Labourers and they are contributing to their family income. The children those are enrolled in primary schools, they do not go schools in the time of forest-products collection period.

The average annual income is only about 1000-3000 Rs per year per family.

Information on this region:

Total population of this region = 8,20,000 (8 Lac) approx.

People live in forests of total population (including dense forest) = 6,00,000 (6 Lac) approx.

People live dense forests = 4,00,000 (4 Lac) approx.

People live in Forest Villages = 90,000 (0.9 Lac) approx.

People live in Un-Surveyed, Non-Documented Villages = 50,000 (0.5 Lac) approx.

Total number of villages = 1650 approx.

Revenue Villages = 1100 approx.

Forest Villages (VAN GRAM) = 300 approx.

Un-surveyed, Non-Documented Villages in Government systems = 250 approx.

Forest Village:

Native villages in forests of tribal people were taken by the Forest & Conservation Departments for Forest Conservation. Van Grams (Forest Villages) are “leased” for 15 years to the tribal people by the Forest Department. Renewal of lease is necessary after 15 years.

Un-Surveyed, Non-Documented Villages:

These villages are not surveyed. These villages are not in Forest Villages or Revenue Villages category. These villages are not in touch with government systems.

Natural Resources:

Main Rivers:

Indravati, Sankini, Dankini, Mighnanchal, Sabri.


Iron, Tin, Corundum, Diamond, Uranium, Lime Stone, Dolomite, Bauxite etc.

Wild Life of this Region:

Tiger, Panther, Wildcat, Cheetal or Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Samber, Wildpig, Jackal, Langur, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Flying Sqirrel, Python, Hyena, Rabbit, Crocodile,Otter and Civet. The various types of birds like Scavenging Birds, Waterbirds, Pheasants etc are seen. The Bastar Hill Mina is the rare species.

Medicinal Plants and Forest Resources:

The Major types of forest in this region are Sal forests, Teak Forests, Mixed forests and Bamboo forests.

The various types of trees found in Bastar forests are Teak, Sal, Sirsa, Bijasal, Kusum, Palas, Mahua, Imli, Tendu, Harra, Kanha, Salai, Achar, Dhowara, Bhulra, Rohni, Amla, Khair, Samar etc. The forests of this region are more than 70% of the total land area, constitute a variable store house of industrial raw material for forest based industries.

The forests are located on comparatively easy terrain and it is one of the rare forest areas in the country where Sal, Teak, and miscellaneous forests naturally occur over extensive areas. Forests of the Bastar are the only area in India where hard wood and bamboo occur together in large quantities.

This region is very rich for Medicinal Plants and Herbs also.

About Local Governance & Decentralized Economy Social Group (LG & DESG):

Till now, we have established:-

In Chhattisgarh-

  • One Hand Made Cloth Manufacturing Unit.
  • Water Harvesting Structures in Villages of Bastar.
  • Organic Farming Centers, Bastar Region.
  • Women Self Help Groups.
  • Community Orphanages for more than 500 Orphans.
  • Tree Plantation Unit, Bastar.
  • Vocational Training Unit, Bastar.
  • Disaster Relief Management Unit.
  • And other works to empower Tribal Economy.

In Bihar-

  • Gokul University, Aurangabad.
  • 60 Beds capacity community hospital, Khagaria.
  • 60 Seats capacity Nursing Training Institute Building has been completed under the norms of Government of India.
  • Flood Disaster Relief Management Unit.

Till now, we did not get any fund from any type of government or non-government funding agency. We did these works with the support of local community & our individual friends.

Despite the support we have from the community, their economic means are limited. For this project we therefore need further support and contributions from Social Groups, Social Organizations and Sincere/ Sensitive Individuals to establish this Alternative Social University. By taking this path we hope to make a better life for the more than half million (8,00,000) Tribal People, without killing or ruining their Traditional Systems & Knowledge.

The desire to contribute and support this effort is completely based on the Voice of your own Soul, if you feel that you should contribute and support to make life better and peaceful for the Indigenous/Tribal People.
We have started to beg for contribution and support. We are going from village to Village, and town to town asking people for their support.

Contributions or supports can be of::

Money from minimum 1000 Rs to unlimited amount.

Commitment to give time from least two months to forever as Guest or Permanent Faculty.

Food Grains as Wheat, Rice, Maze, Mustard, etc.

Books for libraries.

Technical, Management, Public Relations support.

Donation of Buildings.

Donate Cows.

Donate Hardware Construction Tools and Building Materials.

To become active part of these social moves.

To invite us in mass debates, Lecture Series on Social Economy, Tribal Economy, Social Democracy, Social Development etc in Universities, Institutes, Groups, Communities.

Bio-gas generated power and nano solar technological solution to power requirement to this university.

Promote Tourism Activities in the region.

Any other mode of contribution or support, that is not mentioned here but is fruitful to establish Social Universities to empower Tribal, Village Economy and Social Democracy.

Please ask without hesitation for details, work-reports, continuous efforts etc.

Thanks for consideration and reading.

With regards and love

Vivek Umrao
coordinator AT localgovernance.org
koyawesuniversity AT koyawes.org


  1 comment for ““Koya Wes” Social University, (“Aadiwaasi Prakaash/ Indigenous Light” University) South Bastar (Dantewada), Chhattisgarh

  1. Koya
    December 30, 2008 at 5:42 PM

    I have taken up responsibility of teaching 12 tribal students in Raipur.

    I need help in giving them good education.May be you can guide me.


    Prabhat Pattavi

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